Breakthrough moment for children to claim their human rights
The Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure (OP3 CRC) enters into force today, 14 April 2014. Following the ratification of the Optional Protocol by ten countries: Albania, Bolivia, Gabon, Germany, Montenegro, Portugal, Spain, Thailand, Slovakia and Costa Rica, children now have the possibility to lodge complaints directly to the United Nations about violations of their human rights.
Despite 25 years having passed since the United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child was adopted, children still suffer human rights violations all over the world as they face abuse, exploitation, violence, even the death penalty. Starting from today, the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child will be strengthened by this new complaint mechanism allowing children to claim justice as full right bearers. In case no solution for violation of children’s rights is found nationally, victims will now be able to seek justice on the international level. However, this will only be possible if the government of a victim has ratified the Optional Protocol on a Communications Procedure, and if all legal avenues in the victim’s own country have been exhausted.
Read the full Press Release
View the invitation to a panel discussion in New York to celebrate the entry into force of the OP3 CRC
Learn more about the OP and how to ratify it in your country: http://ratifyop3crc.org/
A child-friendly version of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Complaints Procedure is available at the following website: http://srsg.violenceagainstchildren.org/sites/default/files/cropped_images/RaisingUnderstanding_OCPC.pdf
We call for a Global Study on Children Deprived of Liberty to be carried out as there is a clear lack of quantitative and qualitative data (particularly disaggregated data), research and verified information on the situation of children deprived of their liberty worldwide.
Despite the fact that article 37 (b) of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child states that: “deprivation of liberty should be a measure of last resort and for the shortest appropriate period of time“, children are all too often deprived of their liberty, being exposed to increased risks of abuse, violence, acute social discrimination and denial of their civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights.
Human Rights Council – 25th regular session
Annual full-day meeting on the Rights of the Child