The International NGO Council on Violence Against Children, InCo, aims to fulfill their vision of a juvenile justice system in which children are granted special status. Defence for Children International is one of the members of the International NGO Council on Violence Against Children actively working alongside 80 members worldwide to advocate for children`s rights.
The members are responsible for ensuring that the 2006 World Report on Violence Against Children remains relevant and that the suggested measures for improvement are implemented. Despite the deepening consensus on the negative, long term effects of exposure to violence, more than one million children are still deprived of their liberty and many Nations aim to lower the age of responsibility below the international standard of eighteen. As such, there are many measures to be taken before the ideal vision of juvenile justice is achieved.
Prevention and Punishment
The International NGO Council on Violence Against Children maintains that juvenile justice should prioritize prevention above punishment. When an offence has occurred, diversion, a process in which children are directed away from the formal justice system, is preferred to prevent social stigmatization. This process benefits both the child and society. In fact, non-custodial measures reduce the likelihood of committing another offence by 70%. Furthermore, the key element to juvenile justice is rehabilitation of the child. The International NGO Council on Violence Against Children proposes numerous measures institutions should implement to ensure the rights of children are not violated.